Tuesday, August 10, 2010

ISLAM, JIHAD, AND TERRORISM

Lately, in Indonesia and the world at large, the term "terror and terrorism" is often associated with Islam as a religion. At the very least, the term associated with people using the name of Islam. In this case, the public is already familiar with these names; for local-regional level, for example, there is the name of Abu Bakar Bashir, Omar al-Farouk, Imam Samudera, and Amrozy; at international level, there is the name of Osama bin Laden network al-Qaeda. Although, they mentioned his name, until now, until this writing, has not been proven involvement in various acts of terror and terrorism. These circumstances led to the negative image of Islam and Muslims. The presumption that could soon emerge in the minds of those who do not understand Islam, Islam teaches terrorism.

One of the teachings of Islam which is often viewed as the source of growth and proliferation of terrorism is jihad. The term jihad itself, for the West, contains a negative image and stigma. Jihad in their view is identical to the holy war (holy war). In fact, this is the doctrine of jihad, according to them, which has given rise to fundamentalism, radicalism, and terrorism everywhere. For the West, the term "jihad" as if it has become a kind of "ghost" is scary. Why not, the actions of suicide bombers (suicide bomb) targeting Western interests there and seen born of the spirit of jihad. The spirit of jihad like this, making Islam teaches its adherents feared because of brave friends with the highest uncertainty, death.

Western view of the doctrine of jihad is, perhaps, can not be fully blamed. Moreover, if, Islamic history characterized by war and the spirit of territorial expansion retrospect. Errors of the West, presumably, too reduce the teaching of jihad as holy war in the context of Christian Europe, as the war against the infidel. Because, historically, wars are generally made on the basis of politics and as a defensive action against attack from outside. In addition, the war is only one implementation of jihad. Jihad in the form of this is done with regard to the battle against the infidels and enemies of Islam, as well as in ancient Roman tradition and concept of the crusade (crusade), is seen as a war of justice (justum bellum) and the piety of war (bellum pium).

 "911Tragedy"; attacks on the World Trade Center, Pentagon, and the Bali bombings, the U.S. would reinforce the view of the international terrorism network. These events are mapped the world into two groups: supporters or opponents of terrorism. President Bush even delivered his threat, "if you're not with us, you're against us". Ironically, acts of terrorism associated with Islam and Muslims. Muslims as a "defendant". Granted, the culprit is people who are Muslims, but clearly, such a terrorist act can not be viewed in line with Islamic teachings. When such acts are performed, then the actual people who do it are not Muslims practice their faith.

What exactly is meant terror and terrorism, and what to do with jihad? Terror and terrorism are very difficult to define. One of the main reasons for the difficulty in defining it, because he is a difficult moral issue. The sense of terror and terrorism, generally, lies in the moral justification that defines it, the subjective nature of terrorism itself, and its use is almost entirely a connotative. Terrorism itself can be done with a variety of motivations: for reasons of religion, ideology, fighting for freedom, liberating themselves from injustice, and therefore, the existence of particular interest.

Terror contain the relationship between the four strategic elements, between perpetrators, victims, spectators, and the target. Terror is the use of "violence" as a means of communication between the perpetrator and target of target in public. According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) United States, terrorism is an act of unlawful violence or crimes against persons or actions to intimidate or coerce a government, civilian and other public constituents; with the aim of achieving certain social and political targets.

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